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发表时间:2019-12-19 16:09ACCA考试F1管理学术语英汉对照解释汇总(一)_河南融跃教育0 浏览
Foundations of Control:
  The process of monitoring activities to ensure that they are being accomplished as planned and of correcting any significant deviations.
  2、Market control:市场控制
  An approach to control that emphasizes the use of external market mechanisms to establish the standards used in the control system.
  3、Bureaucratic control:官僚控制
  An approach to control that emphasizes organizational authority and relies on administrative rules, regulations, procedures, and policies.
  4、Clan control:小集团控制
  An approach to control in which employee behavior is regulated by the shared values, norms, traditions, rituals, beliefs, and other aspects of the organization‘s culture.
  5、Control process:控制过程
  A three-step process including measuring actual performance, comparing actual performance against a standard, and taking managerial action to correct deviations or inadequate standards.
  6、Management by walking around (MBWA):走动管理
  A team used to describe when a manager is out in the work area, interacting directly with employees, and exchanging information about what‘s going on.
  7、Range of variation:。 偏差范围
  The acceptable parameters of variance between actual performance and the standard.
  8、Immediate corrective action:直接纠正行动
  Corrective action that corrects problems at once to get performance back on track.
  9、Basic corrective action:彻底纠正行动
  Corrective action that looks at how and why performance deviated and then proceeds to correct the source of deviation.
  10、Feedforward control:前馈控制
  A type of control that focuses on preventing anticipated problems since it takes place in advance of the actual work activity.
  11、Concurrent control:同期控制
  A type of control that takes place while a work activity is in progress.
  12、Feedback control:反馈控制
  A type of control that takes place after a work activity is done.
  13、Employee theft:员工偷窃
  Any unauthorized taking of company property by employees for their personal use.
  14、Operations management:作业管理
  The design, operation, and control of the transformation process that converts resources into finished goods or services.
  15、manufacturing organizations:制造型组织
  Organizations that produce physical goods.
  16、service organizations :服务型组织
  Organizations that produce nonphysical outputs in the form of services.
  The overall output of goods or services produced divided by the inputs need to generate that output.
  The performance characteristics, features and attributes, and any other aspects of goods and services for which customers are willing to give up resources.
  19、value chain:价值链
  The entire series of organizations work activities that add value at each step beginning with the processing of raw materials and ending with finished product in the hands of end users.
  20、value chain management:价值连管理
  The process of managing the entire sequence of integrated activities and information about product flows along the entire value chain.